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Access a wide range of product guides below, for insight into how to use your Megger instrument for specific applications.
Megger Application Note - Battery Ohmic Data Analysis
Megger's BITE2 - Testing Batteries with 2mm Access Ports
This paper looks at how to change graphs and charts when using the PowerDB LITE.
A battery consists of a jar that can contain multiple cells. When performing battery testing, it is recommended to take measurement on the individual cell if possible. However, with most batteries it is only possible to take measurements on the jar. Since this is the smallest unit that can be replaced, this makes sense. Yet some batteries that have multiple cells also have multiple posts that allow for the measurements of the cells within the jar. For this reason we allow PowerDB to be configured for this application and this paper explains how to do that.
Each Megger BITE product can measure internal cell impedance, inter-cell connection resistance and DC voltage of cells and jars. This paper looks at how the BITE can be checked in the field for calibration validity to ensure quality of the data generated.
This document discusses the nuances of inter-cell connection measurements, as well as best practices for the entire measurement process. Included are diagrams outlining the measurement structure so that you get consistantly reliable results.
Lost data records can be a problem for major power utilities. Using the right test equipment with modern asset management software can help to ensure that consumers are never without power.
Batteries play a crucial role in ensuring that air traffic control systems around the world can continue to operate reliably and safely even if there is a failure of the mains supply at the radar stations on which they rely. It is imperative, therefore, that those batteries should be maintained in good condition, with potential problems detected and remedied before they can develop into outright failures.
Identifying faults in storage batteries can be problematic. Using a test signal frequency in the range 20 Hz to 30 Hz can minimise interruption from ‘phantom’ faults in batteries.
High voltage terminations are essential components in high voltage cable systems. Great reliability is provided by high manufacturing quality and company type testing. However, onsite installations represent a considerable uncertainty for successful service of the system. UHF PD Diagnosis has proven to be a valuable and effective method for measuring high voltage assets because this online measurement is performed at frequencies which are not affected by environmental noise.
Positive cable identification with suitable devices prior to work on underground cables is a compulsory requirement at Westnetz in Bad Kreuznach, as stipulated by the standard DIN VDE 0105 part 1. However, sometimes problems can arise, as it may not be possible to conclusively identify cables despite the strict compliance with regulations. Traditional cable identifiers work by relying on system properties with many fringe conditions that cannot always be complied with in practice. The cable identifier CI/LCI from Megger is the first to offer a user-friendly and safe solution.
A cable replacement strategy and diagnosis method for water trees in XPLE cables has been developed at the Botkyrka 24 kV network. Measurement reports from 1996-2002 highlight improvements in age-analysis, overall effectiveness and cost.
By Roland Eriksson, SM, IEEE, Peter Werelius, Member IEEE, Lars Adeen, Peter Johansson and Henrik Flodqvist
A new dielectric spectroscopy system has been developed for testing medium voltage cables damaged by water trees. The dielectric response of XPLE cables with water tree damage can be recognised and classified by ageing status and breakdown strength. Field studies showed that fault rate decreased significantly when the replacement strategy was based on the new diagnostic criteria.
By Peter Werelius, Peter Thärning, Roland Eriksson, Björn Holmgren and Uno Gäfvert
A new test and diagnostic system combining DAC voltage testing and PD testing provides an effective, non-destructive method of withstand testing for medium voltage cables. The new system also demonstrates that cosine rectangular VLF waveform diagnostics can effectively locate PD defects in MV cables, and measure the severity of the fault.
By Daniel Götz, Frank Petzold, Hein Putter Seba KMT Baunach, Germany, Sacha Markalous, Marco Stephan Seba KMT, Radeberg, Germany and Henning Oetjen, Megger, Valley Forge, PA, USA
Currently, 24 hour soak testing and resonance testing are the two most common methods for carrying out HV cable testing. This paper compares the power consumption of the test techniques, and discusses the suppression of noise generated by the HV equipment. It also demonstrates the success of monitoring test objects with capacitances up to 25 µF.
By F. Petzold, H.T. Putter, D. Götz, H. Schlapp, S. Markalous SebaKMT GmbH, Baunach/Radeburg, Germany
This paper will illustrate common best practices that simplify the installation of transducers and will explain the minimum amount of information required for a test plan to obtain meaningful results.
The paper provides a simple explanation of vibration testing and the type of diagnostic information it can produce. Care must be taken in setting up and carrying out the tests if accurate and dependable results are to be obtained. Users should also be aware of electrical interference such as induction, which is always present in electrical substations.
First trip analysis is a crucial tool to anticipate faults before they become critical, and to minimise disruption. Today’s circuit breaker analysers are very versatile. They can be configured to suit specific requirements, ensuring that users never pay for features they don’t need.
A US based nuclear power generator needed some particularly robust test equipment to cope with testing MCCBs. By working collaboratively with Megger, Diablo Canyon has saved significant costs in its testing regime
Accurately determining the insulation condition in twisted copper cable pairs is an essential requirement in the CATV and telecommunications sectors. Selecting test equipment that is tough, easy to use and capable is now possible.
The latest earth testers were designed after intensive research, observing the challenges that field engineers have had to put up with. The critical issues have been addressed, and you can now get earth testers with increased user safety and providing huge savings in time and aggravation.
Insulation test instruments for use in garages on electric vehicles need to be both physically tough because of the environment in which they are used, and to provide accurate diagnostic information. Wireless data communication ensures that faults and critical trending information are diagnosed rapidly.
Having good insulation on electrical equipment is rather like having a water tank in your loft that’s actually watertight. In both cases, the cost of repairing an actual fault – whether it’s poor insulation or a leaking tank – is likely to be much less than the cost of repairing the damage caused by the fault. Nevertheless, how many people actually take the trouble to look occasionally at their water tanks to check that they are in good order? Not many, I suspect, even though doing so could potentially save a lot of money and heart-ache.
Low resistance ohmmeter testing using Megger DLRO products
Standard ohmmeters are inadequate to accurately determine the resistance of high-current connections and a digital low resistance ohmmeter should be used. Modern TDRs can locate able faults at distances up to 20 km from the point at which the instrument is connected and some types feature dual channel operation, which allows faults between cables to be rapidly localised.
Robust test leads have been specially designed for low resistance testing of wind turbines. The new leads lead to more accurate and repeatable results.
There is a great deal of importance placed on harmonics. We know that excessive harmonic distortion can cause power quality problems due to the heat generated. These power quality problems can include neutral wires, transformers, as well as motors overheating.
But what exactly are harmonics?
This document discusses what is NERC testing and how it affects battery maintenance practises.
The new generation of IEC 61850-ready test sets are designed to meet the needs of protection testing on the smart grid. The latest products are smaller, lighter and more powerful than previous generations and have been designed with increased productivity in mind
Although you will still need a combination of test instruments including an insulation test set, in the right circumstances, a TDR can sometimes locate cable faults without the need to apply a high voltage to the cable.
Multifunction testers are extremely versatile. They were designed to meet the needs of electrical contractors – rapid, accurate measurements in a tough case – but are also of direct relevance to electrical engineers working in other industries.
The measurement of winding resistance is useful in detecting a number of types of fault in a transformer. This application note discusses this in detail.
An application note that looks at testing insulating oil.
The moisture content of oil paper insulation system assessment is an important link in transformer fault diagnosis. This paper looks into the methods of assessing the moisture content of oil paper insulation as well as the degree of insulation aging.
Portable high voltage diagnostic insulation testers feature automatic voltage dependence detection and are much lighter and easier to use than previously. They also provide comprehensive facilities for archiving, analysing and reporting results.
Dielectric Frequency Response (DFR/FDS) measurement is a technique for general insulation testing and diagnostics. In comparison with standard 50/60 Hz dissipation factor measurements, DFR measurements has many advantages.
Electric apparatus sometimes fails because of insulation deterioration. A proactive approach using Tan delta/power factor diagnostic testing is the key to monitoring the integrity of the insulation system and preventing or at least anticipating such failures. Understanding the impact of these parameters will help in obtaining accurate measurements that can be relied upon in the decision making process.
Dismantling a power transformer to determine its condition is hardly ever a practical possibility. By using the latest proven SFRA test techniques, it is possible to accurately assess transformer condition without dismantling it.The latest SFRA test sets make these techniques more accessible, more convenient and more dependable that ever.
Using asset management software together with thermal imaging cameras can result in more cost effective maintenance and fault finding on electrical equipment.
Vessel preparation and elimination of the effects of moisture and contamination play a major role in successful oil testing. This application note points to the precautions that need to be taken
LocationsMegger supports our US customers through two locations. Dallas Plant4271 Bronze WayDallas, Texas 75237-1019 USA Valley Forge Plant2621 Van Buren AvenueNorristown, PA 19403 USA